This diagram shows very roughly the origin and relationship of the Prayer Book services and of other service books used elsewhere. The thicker lines show a very close connection or immediate descent, the thinner lines a less close connection, or the descent of a part only.
1. — The Roman liturgy in the form in which we know it at present is unlike the other great liturgies of the Church, and stands very much by itself: the Canon seems to be in a state of dislocation. The earliest Christians in Italy may have used a Greek rite which is now lost.
2. — In varying degrees some other modern rites — the Ambrosian or Milanese, used in the north of Italy by over a million people, and the Mozarabic rite which still survives in certain Spanish churches — partake more or less of Gallican character, though with more or less Roman intermixture.
3. — Although Mediaeval non-Roman Western services belonged to the Roman family of liturgies, the ceremonies used with them, and the way they were carried out were as a rule Gallican (French, Spanish, English, etc.) and not Roman.
4. — Besides the Rites of Milan, etc., mentioned above, there are other Christians of the Roman obedience who do not use the Roman missal, viz., those of the older religious orders, Carthusian, Cistercian, Dominican, etc.
5. — The old Latin books of Sarum use were restored for a few years under Queen Mary, 1553-1558.
6. — These Orthodox Eastern liturgies are translated into many languages, and used all over Eastern Christendom: they seem in many respects more primitive in character than the Western rites.
7.—It will be seen from this table that the modern Scottish liturgy is more immediately connected with those of primitive times than any other Anglican service.
A Similar BCP Table
On the Scottish Rite:
Bishop Boyd writes: “The Scottish Rite referred to here and its link with the “Greek” Rite is through the direct translation and use of the Liturgy of St. James, the oldest Christian Liturgy in constant use, tracing its prayers directly to the worship of the Jewish Temple and the rite of the Church of Jerusalem. It is also the rite that has been in constant use amongst Syriac Christians. Jeremy Taylor, the Carolingian Divines and the Scottish Non-Jurors all used this liturgy in English translation as their worship of preference, and its influence came down, not only in the Scottish Epiclesis that was maintained in the American Usage, but in some of the most famous prayers of the Anglican Tradition, such as the Collect for Purity and the Final Blessing.
A Helpful Book List
The Eucharist in New Testament (Zaccheus Studies New Testament) Paperback – October 1, 1988 by Jerome Kodell
A History of the Christian Church – May 1, 1985 by Williston Walker (Author), Richard A. Norris (Author), David W. Lotz (Author), Robert T. Handy (Author)
Jesus and the Jewish Roots of the Eucharist: Unlocking the Secrets of the Last Supper – February 15, 2011 by Brant Pitre (Author), Scott Hahn (Preface)
The Eucharist: Sacrament of the Kingdom Paperback – June 21, 2003 by Alexander Schmemann (Author), Paul Kachur (Translator)
Springtime of the Liturgy (Classics in Liturgy) Paperback – May 1, 1979 by Lucien Deiss
The Church at Prayer: An Introduction to the Liturgy Hardcover – August 1, 1992 by A. G. Martimort (Editor)
Beyond East and West: Problems in Liturgical Understanding (NPM studies in liturgy & music) by Robert Taft
A Commentary on the Divine Liturgy – March 1, 1997 by Nicholas Cabasilas (Author), J. M. Hussey (Translator)